Eating Enough

“When a man is always mindful,
knowing moderation in eating,
his discomfort diminishes, and he ages slowly,
taking care of his life.” – SN 3.13
“Manujassa sadā satīmato,
Mattaṁ jānato laddhabhojane;
Tanukassa bhavanti vedanā,
Saṇikaṁ jīrati āyupālayan”ti.

 

“အခါခပ်သိမ်း သတိနှင့် ပြည့်စုံသော , ရအပ်သော စားသုံးဖွယ်၌ အတိုင်း အရှည်ကို သိသော ထိုသူအား ဝေဒနာတို့သည် နည်းပါးကုန်၏၊ အသက်ကို စောင့်သည်ဖြစ်၍ နူးညံ့စွာ ကြေညက်၏”။

“Con người thường chánh niệm,
Ðược ăn, biết phải chăng,
Chừng mực, cảm thọ mạnh,
Già chậm, tuổi thọ dài.”
「當人常有念時,
知量而接受食物,
苦痛變少,老得緩慢,
保護壽命。」

 

Collared Kingfisher ©Ashin Sopāka 2018

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Crows and Bhikkhus

“Mendicants, a crow has ten bad qualities. What ten? They’re rude and impudent, gluttonous and voracious, cruel and pitiless, weak and raucous, unmindful and acquisitive. A crow has these ten bad qualities. In the same way, a bad mendicant has these ten bad qualities. What ten? They’re rude and impudent, gluttonous and voracious, cruel and pitiless, weak and raucous, unmindful and acquisitive. A bad mendicant has these ten bad qualities.” – AN 10.77

“Dasahi, bhikkhave, asaddhammehi samannāgato kāko. Katamehi dasahi? Dhaṁsī ca, pagabbho ca, tintiṇo ca, mahagghaso ca, luddo ca, akāruṇiko ca, dubbalo ca, oravitā ca, muṭṭhassati ca, necayiko ca— imehi kho, bhikkhave, dasahi asaddhammehi samannāgato kāko. Evamevaṁ kho, bhikkhave, dasahi asaddhammehi samannāgato pāpabhikkhu. Katamehi dasahi? Dhaṁsī ca, pagabbho ca, tintiṇo ca, mahagghaso ca, luddo ca, akāruṇiko ca, dubbalo ca, oravitā ca, muṭṭhassati ca, necayiko ca— imehi kho, bhikkhave, dasahi asaddhammehi samannāgato pāpabhikkhū”ti.

ရဟန်းတို့ ကျီးသည် မသူတော်တရား ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏၊ အဘယ်ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နည်းဟူမူ  (ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးကို) ဖျက်ဆီးတတ်၏၊ ရဲတင်း၏၊ တဏှာနှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏၊ အစားကြီး၏၊ ကြမ်း၊ကတ်၏၊ သနားခြင်း ကရုဏာမရှိ၊ အားနည်း၏၊ မြည်တွန်တတ်၏၊ သတိမေ့တတ်၏၊ မစုဆောင်း တတ်။ ရဟန်းတို့ ကျီးသည် ဤမသူတော်တရား ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤအတူပင် ရဟန်းယုတ်သည် မသူတော်တရား ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏။ အဘယ်ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နည်းဟူမူ—့(ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးကို) ဖျက်ဆီးတတ်၏၊ ရဲတင်း၏၊ တဏှာနှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏၊ အစားကြီး၏၊ ကြမ်း၊ကတ်၏၊ သနားခြင်းကရုဏာမရှိ၊ အားနည်း၏၊ မြည်တွန်တတ်၏၊ သတိမေ့တတ်၏၊ မစုဆောင်းတတ်။ ရဟန်းတို့ ရဟန်းယုတ်သည် ဤမသူတော်တရား ဆယ်မျိုးတို့နှင့် ပြည့်စုံ၏ဟု (မိန့်တော်မူ၏)။

“Này các Tỷ-kheo, con quạ thành tựu với mười tà pháp. Thế nào là mười? Ngạo nghễ, hung hãn, cường dục, ăn lớn, độc ác, không từ bi, khiếp nhược, giọng chói tai, vọng niệm và cất chứa tài sản. Này các Tỷ-khao, con quạ thành tựu với mười tà pháp này. Cũng vậy, này các Tỷ-kheo, vị ác Tỷ-kheo thành tựu với mười tà pháp. Thế nào là mười? Ngạo nghễ, hung hãn, cường dục, ăn lớn, độc ác, không từ bi, khiếp nhược, giọng chói tai, vọng niệm và cất chứa tài sản. Này các Tỷ-kheo, vị ác Tỷ-kheo thành tựu với mười tà pháp này.”

「比丘們!烏鴉具備十不善法,哪十個呢?厚顏、傲慢、貪求、多食、兇暴、無悲愍、薄弱、聒噪、念已忘失、蓄藏,比丘們!烏鴉具備這十不善法。同樣的,比丘們!惡比丘具備十不善法,哪十個呢?厚顏、傲慢、貪求、多食、兇暴、無悲愍、薄弱、聒噪、念已忘失、蓄藏,比丘們!惡比丘具備這十不善法。」

House Crow ©Ashin Sopāka 2018

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Four Summaries of Dhamma

“Great king, there are four summaries of the Dhamma that have been taught by the Blessed One who knows and sees, accomplished and fully enlightened. Knowing and seeing and hearing them, I went forth from the home life into homelessness. What are the four? ‘Life in any world is unstable, it is swept away’… ‘Life in any world has no shelter and no protector’…‘Life in any world has nothing of its own; one has to leave all and pass on’…‘Life in any world is incomplete, insatiate, the slave of craving.’” – MN 82

“Atthi kho, mahārāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena cattāro dhammuddesā uddiṭṭhā, ye ahaṁ ñatvā ca disvā ca sutvā ca agārasmā anagāriyaṁ pabbajito. Katame cattāro? ‘Upaniyyati loko addhuvo’… ‘atāṇo loko anabhissaro’… ‘asaraṇo loko sabbaṁ pahāya gamanīyaṁ’… ‘ūno loko atitto taṇhādāso’ti.”

“Thưa Ðại vương, có bốn sự thuyết giáo Chánh pháp, được Thế Tôn, bậc Tri Giả, Kiến giả, bậc A-la-hán, Chánh Ðẳng Giác giảng dạy. Do tôi biết, tôi thấy và tôi nghe thuyết giáo ấy, mà tôi xuất gia, từ bỏ gia đình, sống không gia đình. Thế nào là bốn? ‘Thế giới là vô thường, đi đến hủy diệt’… ‘Thế giới là vô hộ, vô chủ’… Thế giới là vô sở hữu, ra đi cần phải từ bỏ tất cả’… ‘Thế giới là thiếu thốn, khao khát, nô lệ cho tham ái.'”

「大王!有這四個法的總說被那有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者誦說,我知道、看到、聽到那些後而從在家出家,成為非家生活。哪四個呢?『世間是不堅固的,它被帶走。』… 『世間無庇護所、無保護者。』… 『世間是無所有的,應該走向捨斷一切。』… 『世間是不足的、不滿足的、渴愛的奴隸。』

Crested Myna ©Ashin Sopāka 2018

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