Right Effort

Plain Prinia 28 Jun 16“And what, bhikkhus, is right effort? Here, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu generates desire for the nonarising of unarisen evil unwholesome states; he makes an effort, arouses energy, applies his mind, and strives. He generates desire for the abandoning of arisen evil unwholesome states…. He generates desire for the arising of unarisen wholesome states…. He generates desire for the maintenance of arisen wholesome states, for their nondecay, increase, expansion, and fulfilment by development; he makes an effort, arouses energy, applies his mind, and strives. This is called right effort.” – SN 45.8

“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anuppannānaṁ pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ anuppādāya chandaṁ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṁ ārabhati cittaṁ paggaṇhāti padahati, uppannānaṁ pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ pahānāya chandaṁ janeti … pe … anuppannānaṁ kusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ uppādāya chandaṁ janeti … pe … uppannānaṁ kusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṁ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṁ ārabhati cittaṁ paggaṇhāti padahati—ayaṁ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo.”

Plain Prinia 25 Jun 16“ရဟန်းတို့ မှန်ကန်သောအားထုတ်မှု ‘သမ္မာဝါယာမ’ဟူသည် အဘယ်နည်း၊ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤသာသနာတော်၌ ရဟန်းသည် မဖြစ်ကုန်သေးသော ယုတ်ညံ့သောအကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကို မဖြစ်စေရန်ဆန္ဒကို ဖြစ်စေ၏၊ အားထုတ်၏၊ လုံ့လပြု၏၊ စိတ်ကို ချီမြှောက်၏၊ ဆောက်တည်၏။ ဖြစ်ပြီးကုန်သောယုတ်ညံ့သောအကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကို ပယ်ရန် ဆန္ဒကို ဖြစ်စေ၏။ပ။ မဖြစ်ကုန်သေးသော ကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကို ဖြစ်စေရန် ဆန္ဒကို ဖြစ်စေ၏။ပ။ ဖြစ်ပြီးကုန်သော ကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကို တည်မြဲစေရန်၊ မပျောက်ပျက်စေရန်၊ တိုးတက်ဖြစ်ပွားစေရန်၊ ပြန့်ပြောစေရန်၊ ပွားများမှု ပြည့်စုံစေရန် ဆန္ဒကို ဖြစ်စေ၏၊ အားထုတ်၏၊ လုံ့လပြု၏၊ စိတ်ကို ချီမြှောက်၏၊ ဆောက်တည်၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤသည်ကို မှန်ကန်သောအား ထုတ်မှု ‘သမ္မာဝါယာမ’ဟု ဆိုအပ်၏။”

“Và này các Tỷ-kheo, thế nào là chánh tinh tấn? Ở đây, này các Tỷ-kheo, với mục đích khiến cho các ác, bất thiện pháp từ trước chưa sanh không cho sanh khởi, khởi lên ý muốn, cố gắng, tinh tấn, sách tấn, trì tâm; với mục đích khiến cho các ác, bất thiện pháp đã sanh được trừ diệt, khởi lên ý muốn, cố gắng, tinh tấn, sách tấn, trì tâm; với mục đích khiến cho các thiện pháp từ trước chưa sanh nay được sanh khởi, khởi lên ý muốn, cố gắng, tinh tấn, sách tấn, trì tâm; với mục đích khiến cho các thiện pháp đã được sanh có thể duy trì, không có lu mờ, được tăng trưởng, được quảng đại, được tu tập, được viên mãn, khởi lên ý muốn, cố gắng, tinh tấn, sách tấn, trì tâm. Này các Tỷ-kheo, đây gọi là chánh tinh tấn.”

「而,比丘們!什麼是正精進?比丘們!這裡,比丘為了未生起的惡不善法之不生起而生欲、努力、生起活力、發心、勤奮;為了已生起的惡不善法之捨斷而生欲、……(中略)為了未生起的善法之生起而生欲、……(中略)為了已生起的善法之存續、不消失、增加、擴大、圓滿修習而生欲、努力、生起活力、發心、勤奮,比丘們!這被稱為正精進。」

Plain Prinia ©Ashin Sopāka 2016

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