Practicing for All

“The person practicing both for his own welfare and for the welfare of others is the foremost, the best, the preeminent, the supreme, and the finest of these four persons 1. Just as from a cow comes milk, from milk curd, from curd butter, from butter ghee, and from ghee cream-of-ghee, which is reckoned the foremost of all these, so the person practicing both for his own welfare and for the welfare of others is the foremost, the best, the preeminent, the supreme, and the finest of these four persons.” – AN 4.95

“Tatra, bhikkhave, yvāyaṁ puggalo attahitāya ceva paṭipanno parahitāya ca, ayaṁ imesaṁ catunnaṁ puggalānaṁ aggo ca seṭṭho ca pāmokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, gavā khīraṁ, khīramhā dadhi, dadhimhā navanītaṁ, navanītamhā sappi, sappimhā sappimaṇḍo, sappimaṇḍo tattha aggamakkhāyati; evamevaṁ kho, bhikkhave, yvāyaṁ puggalo attahitāya ceva paṭipanno parahitāya ca, ayaṁ imesaṁ catunnaṁ puggalānaṁ aggo ca seṭṭho ca pāmokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca.”

“ရဟန်းတို့ အကြင် ပုဂ္ဂိုလ်သည် မိမိအကျိုးစီးပွါးအလို့ငှါလည်း ကျင့်၏၊ သူတစ်ပါး၏ အကျိုးစီးပွါး အလို့ငှါလည်း ကျင့်၏၊ ထို လေးဦးတို့တွင် ဤ(စတုတ္ထ) ပုဂ္ဂိုလ်သည် ကဲလွန်၏၊ မြတ်၏၊ အကြီးအမှူး ဖြစ်၏၊ မြင့်မြတ်၏၊ လွန်မြတ်၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ နွားမမှ နို့ရည် နို့ရည်မှ နို့ဓမ်း နို့ဓမ်းမှ ဆီဦး ဆီဦးမှ ထောပတ် ထောပတ်မှ ထောပတ်ကြည် ဖြစ်၏၊ ထိုသို့ဖြစ်ရာ၌ (အဆင့်ဆင့်) မြတ်၏ဟု ဆိုအပ်သကဲ့သို့၊ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤအတူသာ လျှင် အကြင် ပုဂ္ဂိုလ်သည် မိမိအကျိုးစီးပွါးအလို့ငှါလည်း ကျင့်၏၊ သူတစ်ပါး၏ အကျိုးစီးပွါးအလို့ငှါလည်း ကျင့်၏၊ ထို လေးဦးတို့တွင် ဤ(စတုတ္ထ) ပုဂ္ဂိုလ်သည် ကဲလွန်၏၊ မြတ်၏၊ အကြီးအမှူး ဖြစ်၏၊ မြင့်မြတ်၏၊ လွန်မြတ်၏။”

“Tại đây, này các Tỷ-kheo, hạng người này hướng đến lợi mình và lợi người, hạng người này so với ba hạng người trên, là tối thượng, tối thắng, thượng thủ, vô thượng và cực thắng.Ví như, này các Tỷ-kheo, từ bò có sữa, từ sữa có lạc, từ lạc có sanh tô, từ sanh tô có thục tô, từ thục tô có đề hồ và đây gọi là tối thượng. Cũng vậy, này các Tỷ-kheo, hạng người này hướng đến lợi mình và lợi người, hạng người này so với ba hạng người trên là tối thượng, tối thắng, thượng thủ, vô thượng và cực thắng.”

「凡這位既為自己利益也為他人利益的行者,這位是這四個人中最高者、最勝者、上首者、最上者、最頂尖者。比丘們!猶如從牛有牛乳;從牛乳有凝乳;從凝乳有生酥;從生酥有熟酥;從熟酥有熟酥醍醐,在那裡,熟酥醍醐被說為其中之第一。同樣的,比丘們!凡這位既為自己利益也為他人利益的行者,這位是這四個人中最高者、最勝者、上首者、最上者、最頂尖者。」

Photo: possibly a Red Percher Dragonfly ©Ashin Sopāka 2016

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Notes:

  1. The three other are 1) one who practices neither for his own welfare nor that of others, vividly compared to a stick from a funeral pyre, ablaze on both ends with dung smeared in the middle, 2) the person who practices for the welfare of others, but not for himself, 3) the person who practices for his own welfare, but for the welfare of others