Four Summaries of Dhamma

“Great king, there are four summaries of the Dhamma that have been taught by the Blessed One who knows and sees, accomplished and fully enlightened. Knowing and seeing and hearing them, I went forth from the home life into homelessness. What are the four? ‘Life in any world is unstable, it is swept away’… ‘Life in any world has no shelter and no protector’…‘Life in any world has nothing of its own; one has to leave all and pass on’…‘Life in any world is incomplete, insatiate, the slave of craving.’” – MN 82

“Atthi kho, mahārāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena cattāro dhammuddesā uddiṭṭhā, ye ahaṁ ñatvā ca disvā ca sutvā ca agārasmā anagāriyaṁ pabbajito. Katame cattāro? ‘Upaniyyati loko addhuvo’… ‘atāṇo loko anabhissaro’… ‘asaraṇo loko sabbaṁ pahāya gamanīyaṁ’… ‘ūno loko atitto taṇhādāso’ti.”

“Thưa Ðại vương, có bốn sự thuyết giáo Chánh pháp, được Thế Tôn, bậc Tri Giả, Kiến giả, bậc A-la-hán, Chánh Ðẳng Giác giảng dạy. Do tôi biết, tôi thấy và tôi nghe thuyết giáo ấy, mà tôi xuất gia, từ bỏ gia đình, sống không gia đình. Thế nào là bốn? ‘Thế giới là vô thường, đi đến hủy diệt’… ‘Thế giới là vô hộ, vô chủ’… Thế giới là vô sở hữu, ra đi cần phải từ bỏ tất cả’… ‘Thế giới là thiếu thốn, khao khát, nô lệ cho tham ái.'”

「大王!有這四個法的總說被那有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者誦說,我知道、看到、聽到那些後而從在家出家,成為非家生活。哪四個呢?『世間是不堅固的,它被帶走。』… 『世間無庇護所、無保護者。』… 『世間是無所有的,應該走向捨斷一切。』… 『世間是不足的、不滿足的、渴愛的奴隸。』

Crested Myna ©Ashin Sopāka 2018

Stuck Like a Spider?

“Those who are lust-infatuated fall back
into the swirling current like a spider on its self-spun web.
This, too, the wise cut off. Without any longing,
they abandon all suffering and renounce the world.” – Dhp 347

“Ye rāgarattānupatanti sotaṁ,
Sayaṅkataṁ makkaṭakova jālaṁ;
Etampi chetvāna vajanti dhīrā,
Anapekkhino sabbadukkhaṁ pahāya.”

ပင့်ကူသည် မိမိပြုသော ပိုက်ကွန်၌ အိပ်သကဲ့သို့ သတ္တဝါတို့သည် ပြင်းစွာ တပ်မက်ကုန်သည်ဖြစ်၍ မိမိတို့ပြုသောတဏှာအလျဉ်သို့ ကျကုန်၏။ ပညာရှိတို့သည် ဤတဏှာကို ဖြတ်၍ မငဲ့ကွက်ဘဲ ခပ်သိမ်းသော ဆင်းရဲကို စွန့်လျက် သွားကုန်၏။

“Người đắm say ái dục
Tự lao mình xuống dòng
Như nhện sa lưới dệt.
Người trí cắt trừ nó,
Bỏ mọi khổ, không màng.”
耽溺愛欲的人,
無法自拔,
如同結網自陷的蜘蛛;
智者斷除貪欲,
堅定出離,解脫一切苦。

Garden Spider ©Ashin Sopāka 2017