Birds’ Escape

“This world is blind, few here have true
insight, as few go to heaven
as birds escape from tangled net.

“Geese go through the path of the sky
the accomplished through firmament,
the wise are led out of the world,
post conquering Māra and his host.” – Dhp 174, 175

“Andhabhūto ayaṁ loko,
tanukettha vipassati,
sakunto jālamutto va
appo saggāya gacchati.

“Haṁsādiccapathe yanti,
ākāse yanti iddhiyā,
nīyanti dhīrā lokamhā,
jetvā Māraṁ savāhanaṁ.”

ဤလူအပေါင်းသည် (ပညာမျက်စိမရှိသဖြင့်) အကန်းအတိသာ ဖြစ်၏။ ဤလောက၌ အနည်းငယ်မျှသောသူသည်သာ (အနိစ္စ စသော သဘောအားဖြင့်) ရှုမြင်နိုင်၏။ ပိုက်ကွန်မှ လွတ်သော ငှက်သည် နည်းပါးသကဲ့သို့ လူအနည်းငယ်မျှသာ နတ်ရွာနိဗ္ဗာန်သို့ ရောက်နိုင်၏။

ဟင်္သာတို့သည် နေမင်းလမ်းကြောင်း ကောင်းကင်ခရီး၌ သွားကုန်၏။ တန်ခိုးရှင်တို့သည် ကောင်းကင်၌ သွားကုန်၏။ ပညာရှိတို့သည် စစ်သည် ဗိုလ်ပါနှင့် တကွသော မာရ်မင်းကို အောင်၍ လောကမှ ထွက်မြောက်ကုန်၏။

“Ðời này thật mù quáng,
Ít kẻ thấy rõ ràng.
Như chim thoát khỏi lưới,
Rất ít đi thiên giới.”

“Như chim thiên nga bay,
Thần thông liệng giữa trời;
Chiến thắng ma, ma quân,
Kẻ trí thoát đời này.”

「世間大部分的人是盲目的,
只有少數的人明白正法;
一如只有少數的鳥脫離羅網,
少數的人往生善趣。

天鵝鼓翅飛行天空,
人以神通橫越太空,
智者征服魔波旬及其眷屬後,
不再輪迴。」

Top: White Bellied Sea Eagle
Bottom: Osprey
©Ashin Sopāka 2019
* Pardon the lousy photography; capturing birds in flight is a real challenge

In Praise of Sariputta

“Deep in wisdom, intelligent,
Skilled in the true path and the false,
Sariputta, of great wisdom,
Teaches the Dhamma to the bhikkhus.

“He teaches briefly,
He speaks in detail.
His voice, like that of a myna bird,
Pours forth inspired discourse.

“As he teaches them, they listen
To his sweet utterance.
Uplifted in mind, made joyful
By his delightful voice,
Sonorous and lovely,
The bhikkhus incline their ears.” – SN 8.6

“Gambhīrapañño medhāvī,
maggāmaggassa kovido;
Sāriputto mahāpañño,
dhammaṁ deseti bhikkhunaṁ.

“Saṁkhittenapi deseti,
vitthārenapi bhāsati;
Sāḷikāyiva nigghoso,
paṭibhānaṁ udīrayi.

“Tassa taṁ desayantassa,
suṇanti madhuraṁ giraṁ;
Sarena rajanīyena,
savanīyena vaggunā;
Udaggacittā muditā,
sotaṁ odhenti bhikkhavo”ti.

“နက်နဲသော ပညာရှိတော်မူသော၊ အကျိုးအကြောင်းကို သိသော ပညာလည်း ရှိတော်မူသော၊ အကြောင်းဟုတ်သည် မဟုတ်သည်တို့၌ လိမ္မာတော်မူပြီးသော၊ ကြီးမြတ်သော ပညာလည်း ရှိတော်မူသော သာရိပုတ္တရာသည် ရဟန်းတို့အား တရားကို ဟောတော်မူ၏။

သာရိပုတ္တရာသည် ‘သာလိကာမ၏ (သာယာ) ကြွေးကြော်သံကဲ့သို့’ သစ္စာလေးပါး တရားကို အကျဉ်းအားဖြင့်လည်း ဟောတော်မူ၏၊ အကျယ်အားဖြင့်လည်း ဟော တော်မူ၏၊ ပညာကို ထုတ်ဆောင်တော်မူပြီ။

ရဟန်းတို့သည် ထိုတရားကို ဟောသော အသျှင်သာရိပုတ္တရာ၏ သာယာသော အသံကို နာကြားရကုန်၏၊ တပ်မက်ဖွယ်ရှိသော နာပျော်ဖွယ်ရှိသော သာယာသော အသံကြောင့် တက်ကြွသော စိတ်ရှိကြကုန်သည် ဝမ်းမြောက်သော စိတ်ရှိကြကုန် သည် ဖြစ်၍ နားစိုက်ထောင်ကုန်၏။”

“Trí tuệ thâm, trí giải,
Thiện xảo đạo, phi đạo,
Ngài Sāriputta,
Là bậc Ðại trí tuệ.
Chính Ngài đang thuyết pháp,
Cho các vị Tỷ-kheo.
Ngài giảng cách tóm tắt,
Ngài cũng thuyết rộng rãi.
Như âm thanh vi diệu,
Của loại chim Sàli,
Lời Ngài giảng tuôn trào,
Tiếng Ngài nghe ngọt lịm.
Với giọng điệu ái luyến,
Êm tai, và mỹ diệu,
Chúng lắng tai nghe pháp,
Tâm phấn khởi hoan hỷ,
Này các vị Tỷ-kheo.”

「深慧者、有智慧者,
道非道的熟知者,
大慧的舍利弗,
為比丘們教導法。

簡要地教導,也詳細地說,
聲音講說對答如九官鳥。

當他教導他們時,
他們聽聞如蜜之語,
經由激情、和雅、
可愛的聲音,
心踊躍、喜悅,比丘們傾耳。」

Top: White Vented Myna
Bottom: Common Myna
©Ashin Sopāka 2019

Dragon

“The supreme should be attained by an ascetic,
a brahmin who has lived the life;
it should be attained by a knowledge master,
a healer.

“The supreme should be attained by the unstained,
stainless and pure;
it should be attained by a knower,
who is free.

“I am victorious in battle!
Released, I release others from their chains.
I am a dragon completely tamed,
an adept, I am extinguished.” – AN 8.85

“Yaṁ samaṇena pattabbaṁ,
brāhmaṇena vusīmatā;
Yaṁ vedagunā pattabbaṁ,
bhisakkena anuttaraṁ.

“Yaṁ nimmalena pattabbaṁ,
vimalena sucīmatā;
Yaṁ ñāṇinā ca pattabbaṁ,
vimuttena anuttaraṁ.

“Sohaṁ vijitasaṅgāmo,
mutto mocemi bandhanā;
Nāgomhi paramadanto,
asekho parinibbuto”ti.

“Sa-môn đạt được gì,
Phạm chí thành mãn gì,
Bậc Chánh trí đạt gì,
Bậc Dược sư vô thượng,
Bậc Ly cấu đạt gì.
Bậc Vô cấu thanh tịnh,
Bậc Trí đạt được gì,
Bậc Giải thoát vô thượng.
Trong chiến trận Ta thắng,
Giải thoát khỏi triền phược,
Voi tối thượng nhiếp phục,
Ta, vô học, tịch tịnh.”
「凡應該被沙門、
已完成的婆羅門得到的,
凡應該被通曉吠陀者、
無上醫者得到的;
凡應該被無垢者、
清淨離垢者得到的,
凡應該智者、
無上解脫者得到的;
我是戰場上的勝利者,
已解脫,我從解脫繫縛,
我是龍象、最上調御者,
無學者、般涅槃者。」

အကြင်ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးအပေါင်းသို့ ငြိမ်းအေးပြီးသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက် အပ်၏၊ (မြတ်သောအကျင့်ကို) ကျင့်သုံးပြီးဖြစ်၍ မကောင်းမှုကို မျှောပြီးသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက်အပ်၏၊ အကြင်ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးအပေါင်းသို့ အသိဉာဏ်သို့ ရောက်ပြီးသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက်အပ်၏၊ သမားတော် ဘိသက္ကမည်သော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် အတုမဲ့ဂုဏ်သို့ ရောက်အပ်၏။ အကြင်ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးအပေါင်းသို့ အညစ်အကြေးကင်းသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက်အပ်၏၊ စင်ကြယ်သူဖြစ်သော အညစ်အကြေးမရှိသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက်အပ်၏၊ အကြင်ဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးအပေါင်းသို့ ဉာဏ်ရှိသော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် ရောက်အပ်၏၊ လွတ်မြောက်သော မြတ်စွာဘုရားသည် အတုမဲ့ဂုဏ်သို့ ရောက် အပ်၏။ ထိုဂုဏ်ကျေးဇူးအပေါင်းသို့ ရောက်ပြီးသော စစ်မြေပြင်ကို အောင်ပြီးသော ထိုငါ သည် အနှောင်အဖွဲ့မှလွတ်၍ (လူအများကိုလည်း) လွတ်စေခဲ့၏၊ (ထိုငါသည်) ကျင့်ပြီးဖြစ်သော (ကိလေသာ) ငြိမ်းအေးပြီးသော အလွန်ယဉ်ကျေးသော ဆင်ပြောင် ကြီးသဖွယ် ဖြစ်ပေ၏။

Dragonflies @Ashin Sopāka 2018

Self Examination

“If, by such self-examination 1, a bhikkhu knows: ‘I am often given to longing, given to ill will, overcome by dullness and drowsiness, restless, plagued by doubt, angry, defiled in mind, agitated in body, lazy, and unconcentrated,’ he should put forth extraordinary desire, effort, zeal, enthusiasm, indefatigability, mindfulness, and clear comprehension to abandon those same bad unwholesome qualities. Just as one whose clothes or head had caught fire would put forth extraordinary desire, effort, zeal, enthusiasm, indefatigability, mindfulness, and clear comprehension to extinguish the fire on his clothes or head, so too that bhikkhu should put forth extraordinary desire, effort, zeal, enthusiasm, indefatigability, mindfulness, and clear comprehension to abandon those same bad unwholesome qualities.” – AN 10.51

“Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paccavekkhamāno 2 evaṁ jānāti: ‘abhijjhālu bahulaṁ viharāmi, byāpannacitto bahulaṁ viharāmi, thinamiddhapariyuṭṭhito bahulaṁ viharāmi, uddhato bahulaṁ viharāmi, vicikiccho bahulaṁ viharāmi, kodhano bahulaṁ viharāmi, sankiliṭṭhacitto bahulaṁ viharāmi, sāraddhakāyo bahulaṁ viharāmi, kusīto bahulaṁ viharāmi, asamāhito bahulaṁ viharāmī’ti, tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā tesaṁyeva pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ pahānāya adhimatto chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhī ca appaṭivānī ca sati ca sampajaññañca karaṇīyaṁ. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, ādittacelo vā ādittasīso vā. Tasseva celassa vā sīsassa vā nibbāpanāya adhimattaṁ chandañca vāyāmañca ussāhañca ussoḷhiñca appaṭivāniñca satiñca sampajaññañca kareyya. Evamevaṁ kho tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā tesaṁyeva pāpakānaṁ akusalānaṁ dhammānaṁ pahānāya adhimatto chando ca vāyāmo ca ussāho ca ussoḷhī ca appaṭivānī ca satisati ca sampajaññañca karaṇīyaṁ.”

ရဟန်းတို့ ဆင်ခြင်သော ရဟန်းသည် “(ငါသည်) အခါများစွာ အဘိဇ္ဈာများ၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ စိတ်ဖောက်ပြန်၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ ထိုင်းမှိုင်းမှု ‘ထိနမိဒ္ဓ’ နှိပ်စက်၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ ပျံ့လွင့်၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ ယုံမှားမှုရှိ၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ အမျက်ထွက်၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ စိတ်ညစ်နွမ်း၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ ကိုယ်ပင်ပန်း၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ ပျင်းရိ၍ နေ၏၊ အခါများစွာ မတည်ကြည်ဘဲ နေ၏”ဟု အကယ်၍ သိပါမူ ရဟန်းတို့ ထိုရဟန်းသည် ထိုယုတ်ညံ့သော အကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကိုသာလျှင် ပယ်ရန် လွန်ကဲသော အလိုကိုလည်းကောင်း၊ လုံ့လကိုလည်းကောင်း၊ အားထုတ်မှုကိုလည်းကောင်း၊ အလွန်အားထုတ်မှုကိုလည်းကောင်း၊ မဆုတ်နစ်မှုကိုလည်းကောင်း၊ အောက်မေ့မှု ‘သတိ’ ဆင်ခြင်ဉာဏ် ‘သမ္ပဇဉ်’ကိုလည်းကောင်း ပြုသင့်၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤအတူပင် ထိုရဟန်းသည် ထိုယုတ်ညံ့သော အကုသိုလ်တရားတို့ကိုသာလျှင် ပယ်ရန် လွန်ကဲသော အလို လုံ့လ အားထုတ်မှု အလွန် အားထုတ်မှု မဆုတ်နစ်မှု အောက်မေ့မှု ‘သတိ’ ဆင်ခြင်ဉာဏ် ‘သမ္ပဇဉ်’ ကို ပြုသင့်၏။

“Này các Tỷ-kheo, nếu Tỷ-kheo quán sát như vậy 3, biết rằng: “Ta sống nhiều với tâm tham; ta sống nhiều với tâm sân; ta sống nhiều với tâm bị hôn trầm thụy miên chi phối; ta sống nhiều với trạo cử; ta sống nhiều với nghi ngờ; ta sống nhiều với phẫn nộ; ta sống nhiều với tâm bị nhiễm ô; ta sống nhiều với thân nhiệt nóng; ta sống nhiều với biếng nhác; ta sống nhiều với không định tĩnh”, thời Tỷ-kheo ấy cần phải quyết định, ước muốn, tinh tấn, nỗ lực, dõng mãnh, bất thối, chánh niệm, tỉnh giác để đoạn tận các pháp ác bất thiện ấy. Ví như, này các Tỷ-kheo, khi khăn bị cháy, hay khi đầu bị cháy, cần phải quyết định, ước muốn, tinh tấn, nỗ lực, dõng mãnh, bất thối, chánh niệm, tỉnh giác để dập tắt khăn hay đầu bị cháy ấy. Cũng vậy này Tỷ kheo, Tỷ kheo ấy cần phải quyết định, ước muốn, tinh tấn, nỗ lực, dõng mãnh, bất thối, chánh niệm, tỉnh giác để đoạn tận các pháp bất thiện ấy.”

比丘們!如果比丘觀察時 4,這麼知道:『我多住於貪婪,我多住於瞋恚心,我多住於被惛沈睡眠纏縛,我多住於掉舉,我多住於疑,我多住於容易憤怒,我多住於心被污染,我多住於身體躁動,我多住於懈怠,我多住於不得定。』比丘們!因為那樣,比丘應該為那些惡不善法的捨斷作極度的意欲、精進、勇猛、努力、不畏縮、正念、正知。比丘們!猶如衣服已被燒,或頭已被燒,就應該為那衣服或頭的熄滅作極度的意欲、精進、勇猛、努力、不畏縮、正念、正知。同樣的,比丘們!因為那樣,比丘應該為那些惡不善法的捨斷作極度的意欲、精進、勇猛、努力、不畏縮、正念、正知。

First: Black Drongo
Second: Crested Myna
©Ashin Sopāka 2018

Notes:

  1. In the previous paragraph, the Buddha instructs that one should ask oneself these ten questions, “‘Am I often given to longing or without longing? Am I often given to ill will or without ill will? Am I often overcome by dullness and drowsiness or free from dullness and drowsiness?  Am I often restless or calm? Am I often plagued by doubt or free from doubt? Am I often angry or without anger? Is my mind often defiled or undefiled? Is my body often agitated or unagitated? Am I often lazy or energetic? Am I often unconcentrated or concentrated?’
  2. “Abhijjhālu nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, anabhijjhālu nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, byāpannacitto nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, abyāpannacitto nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, thinamiddhapariyuṭṭhito nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, vigatathinamiddho nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, uddhato nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, anuddhato nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, vicikiccho nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, tiṇṇavicikiccho nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, kodhano nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, akkodhano nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, sankiliṭṭhacitto nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, asankiliṭṭhacitto nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, sāraddhakāyo nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, asāraddhakāyo nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, kusīto nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, āraddhavīriyo nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, asamāhito nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmi, samāhito nu kho bahulaṁ viharāmī’ti.”
  3. Đức Phật hỏi về mười câu hỏi này trong đoạn trước, “Có phải ta sống nhiều với tham? Có phải ta sống nhiều với không tham? Có phải ta sống nhiều với tâm có sân? Có phải ta sống nhiều vớt tâm không có sân? Có phải ta sống nhiều với hôn trầm thụy miên chi phối, hay ta sống nhiều với hôn trầm thụy miên được từ bỏ? Có phải ta sống nhiều với trạo cử, hay ta sống nhiều với không trạo cử? Có phải ta sống nhiều với nghi ngờ, hay ta sống nhiều vượt qua được nghi ngờ? Có phải ta sống nhiều với phẫn nộ, hay ta sống nhiều không bị phẫn nộ? Có phải ta sống nhiều với tâm bị ô nhiễm, hay ta sống nhiều với tâm không bị ô nhiễm? Có phải ta sống nhiều với thân nhiệt nóng, hay ta sống nhiều với thân không nhiệt nóng? Có phải ta sống nhiều với biếng nhác, hay ta sống nhiều với tinh tấn, tinh cần? Có phải ta sống nhiều với không định tĩnh, hay ta sống nhiều với định tĩnh?”
  4. 佛陀在前一段問這十個問題『我多住於貪婪嗎?我多住於不貪婪嗎?我多住於瞋恚心嗎?我多住於不瞋恚心嗎?我多住於被惛沈睡眠纏縛嗎?我多住於離惛沈睡眠嗎?我多住於掉舉嗎?我多住於不掉舉嗎?我多住於疑嗎?我多住於脫離疑嗎?我多住於容易憤怒嗎?我多住於無憤怒嗎?我多住於心被污染嗎?我多住於心不被污染嗎?我多住於身體躁動嗎?我多住於身體不躁動嗎?我多住於懈怠嗎?我多住於活力已被發動嗎?我多住於得定嗎?我多住於不得定嗎?』

Magic?

“Suppose, bhikkhus, that a magician or a magician’s apprentice would display a magical illusion at a crossroads. A man with good sight would inspect it, ponder it, and carefully investigate it, and it would appear to him to be void, hollow, insubstantial. For what substance could there be in a magical illusion? So too, bhikkhus, whatever kind of consciousness there is, whether past, future, or present, internal or external, gross or subtle, inferior or superior, far or near: a bhikkhu inspects it, ponders it, and carefully investigates it, and it would appear to him to be void, hollow, insubstantial. For what substance could there be in consciousness?

“Seeing thus, bhikkhus, the instructed noble disciple experiences revulsion towards form, revulsion towards feeling, revulsion towards perception, revulsion towards volitional formations, revulsion towards consciousness. Experiencing revulsion, he becomes dispassionate. Through dispassion his mind is liberated. When it is liberated there comes the knowledge: ‘It’s liberated.’ He understands: ‘Destroyed is birth, the holy life has been lived, what had to be done has been done, there is no more for this state of being.’” – SN 22.95

“Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, māyākāro vā māyā­kāran­tevāsī vā catumahāpathe māyaṁ vidaṁseyya. Tamenaṁ cakkhumā puriso passeyya nijjhāyeyya yoniso upaparikkheyya. Tassa taṁ passato nijjhāyato yoniso upaparikkhato rittakaññeva khāyeyya, tucchakaññeva khāyeyya, asārakaññeva khāyeyya. Kiñhi siyā, bhikkhave, māyāya sāro? Evameva kho, bhikkhave, yaṁ kiñci viññāṇaṁ atītā­nāgata­pac­cup­pan­naṁ … pe … yaṁ dūre santike vā, taṁ bhikkhu passati nijjhāyati yoniso upaparikkhati. Tassa taṁ passato nijjhāyato yoniso upaparikkhato rittakaññeva khāyati, tucchakaññeva khāyati, asārakaññeva khāyati. Kiñhi siyā, bhikkhave, viññāṇe sāro?

“Evaṁ passaṁ, bhikkhave, sutavā ariyasāvako rūpasmimpi nibbindati, vedanāyapi … saññāyapi … saṅkhāresupi … viññāṇasmimpi nibbindati. Nibbindaṁ virajjati; virāgā vimuccati. Vimuttasmiṁ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṁ hoti … pe … nāparaṁ itthattāyāti pajānāti”.

ရဟန်းတို့ ဥပမာသော်ကား မျက်လှည့်သမားဖြစ်စေ၊ မျက်လှည့်သမား၏ တပည့်ဖြစ်စေ လမ်းဆုံလမ်းမ၌ မျက်လှည့်ပြရာ၏၊ ထိုမျက်လှည့်ကို မျက်စိအမြင်ရှိသော ယောကျာ်းသည် ကြည့်ရာ၏၊ တစိမ့်စိမ့်ရှုရာ၏၊ အသင့်အားဖြင့် ဆင်ခြင်ရာ၏၊ ထိုယောကျာ်းသည် ကြည့်နေစဉ် တစိမ့်စိမ့် ရှုနေစဉ်အသင့်အားဖြင့် ဆင်ခြင်နေစဉ် ထိုမျက်လှည့်သည် အသုံးမဝင်ဟူ၍ သာ ထင်ရာ၏၊ အချည်းနှီးဟူ၍ သာထင်ရာ၏၊ အနှစ်မဲ့ ဟူ၍ သာ ထင်ရာ၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ မျက်လှည့်၌ အနှစ်ဟူ၍ အဘယ်မှာ ရှိနိုင်မည်နည်း။ ရဟန်းတို့ ဤအတူပင် အတိတ် အနာဂတ် ပစ္စုပ္ပန်လည်းဖြစ်သော။ပ။ အဝေး အနီးလည်းဖြစ်သော ဝိညာဏ်အားလုံးကို ရဟန်းသည် ကြည့်၏၊ တစိမ့်စိမ့် ရှု၏၊ အသင့်အားဖြင့် ဆင်ခြင်၏။ ထိုရဟန်းသည့်ကြည့်နေစဉ် တစိမ့်စိမ့် ရှုနေစဉ် အသင့်အားဖြင့် ဆင်ခြင်နေစဉ် အသုံးမဝင်ဟူ၍ သာ ထင်ရာ၏၊ အချည်းနှီး ဟူ၍ သာ ထင်ရာ၏၊ အနှစ်မဲ့ဟူ၍ သာ ထင်ရာ၏။ ရဟန်းတို့ ဝိညာဏ်၌ အနှစ်ဟူ၍ အဘယ်မှာ ရှိနိုင်မည် နည်း။

ရဟန်းတို့ ဤသို့ မြင်သော အကြားအမြင်ရှိသော အရိယာတပည့်သည် ရုပ်၌လည်း ငြီးငွေ့၏၊ ဝေဒနာ၌လည်း ငြီးငွေ့၏၊ သညာ၌လည်း ငြီးငွေ့၏၊ သင်္ခါရတို့၌လည်း ငြီးငွေ့၏၊ ဝိညာဏ်၌လည်းငြီးငွေ့၏၊ ငြီးငွေ့သော် စွဲမက်မှု ကင်း၏၊ စွဲမက်မှု ကင်းခြင်းကြောင့် ကိလေသာမှ လွတ်မြောက်၏၊ ကိလေသာမှ လွတ်မြောက်သော် “လွတ်မြောက်ပြီ”ဟု အသိဉာဏ်သည် ဖြစ်၏။ပ။ ဤမဂ်ကိစ္စအလို့ငှါတစ်ပါးသော ပြုဖွယ် မရှိတော့ပြီဟု သိ၏။

“Ví như, này các Tỷ-kheo, một ảo thuật sư hay đệ tử một ảo thuật sư, tại ngã tư đường bày trò ảo thuật. Một người có mắt nhìn chuyên chú, như lý quán sát trò ảo thuật ấy. Do người ấy nhìn chuyên chú, như lý quán sát, ảo thuật ấy hiện rõ ra là trống không, hiện rõ ra là trống rỗng, hiện rõ ra là không có lõi cứng. Làm sao, này các Tỷ-kheo, lại có lõi cứng trong ảo thuật được? Cũng vậy, này các Tỷ-kheo, phàm thức gì thuộc quá khứ, vị lai, hiện tại … hoặc xa hay gần; Tỷ-kheo nhìn chuyên chú, như lý quán sát, thức ấy hiện rõ ra là trống không, hiện rõ ra là trống rỗng, hiện rõ ra là không có lõi cây. Làm sao, này các Tỷ-kheo, lại có lõi cây trong thức được?

“Thấy vậy, này các Tỷ-kheo, vị Ða văn Thánh đệ tử nhàm chán đối với sắc … đối với thọ … đối với tưởng … đối với các hành … nhàm chán đối với thức. Do nhàm chán, vị ấy ly tham. Do ly tham, vị ấy giải thoát. Trong sự giải thoát, trí khởi lên: “Ta đã giải thoát … không còn trở lui trạng thái này nữa”. Vị ấy biết rõ như vậy.”

「比丘們!猶如幻術師或幻術師的徒弟,如果在十字路口表演幻術,有眼的男子如果檢視、靜觀、如理審察;當檢視、靜觀、如理審察時,對他來說,它看起來只是空無的、空虛的、無實心的。比丘們!在幻術中,有什麼實心呢?同樣的,比丘們!凡任何識,不論過去、未來、現在……(中略)或遠、或近,比丘檢視、靜觀、如理審察;當檢視、靜觀、如理審察時,對他來說,它看起來只是空無的、空虛的、無實心的。比丘們!在識中,有什麼實心呢?

「比丘們!當這麼看時,已受教導的聖弟子在色上厭,在受上厭,在想上厭,在行上厭,在識上厭;厭者離染,經由離貪而解脫,當解脫時,有『[這是]解脫』之智,他了知:『出生已盡,梵行已完成,應該作的已作,不再有這樣[輪迴]的狀態了。』」